Vishing relies heavily on manipulation to get victims to willingly give up their personal information. With the rise in popularity of Voice over IP (VoIP) technologies, many phishers have also taken to calling people to phish for their information. The possibilities are endless as a VoIP server can be configured to mimic the voice of just about any person that the phishers are trying to impersonate, such a banker or tech support.
This, combined with caller ID spoofing, makes it so much easier for phishers to be someone else over the phone. Caller ID spoofing basically allows phishes to send out phone calls to their intended targets that appears to be from a credible source. As a result, victims will feel compelled to pick up the calls.
Types of Vishing
Vishing can take shape in many forms. The best vishing scams usually have some very convincing acting. Here a few common examples of vishing that you’re likely to run into:
- Tech support calling to fix your computer remotely
- Unusual activity taking place in your bank account
- Winning a prize in a contest (which you did not enter)
- Offers from a company that you have not heard of
- Threats of consequences if you don’t pay up, such as fines and unpaid taxes
- Charitable requests for urgent causes
- Exaggerated investment opportunities
How to Avoid Vishing Scams?
Below are a few steps you can avoid being tricked by a visher:
- Be aware – Understanding how phishers operate can keep you from getting scammed. Always remember that no legitimate business will make unsolicited request for your personal information. If someone does ask you for those things, hang up. It is likely a scam.
- Never answer a call from an unknown number – It’s tempting to answer a call from an unknown number,especially if it’s similar to your own. You might think it could be an emergency, or someone who desperately needs you. Just be aware that sometimes picking up a call from an unknown number could send you right into the waiting arms of a scammer. On the other hand, someone who really needs you would usually leave you a message if you don’t pick up their calls.
- Never feel pressured – If someone is trying to pressure or coerce you into giving up your personal information, just put down the phone.
- Exercise caution – Be skeptical, even if the call appears to be coming from a reputable entity, such as a bank, company or enterprise. They could very well be a trick.